What is a chronotype and how does this categorization affect our sleep pattern? Here’s what he’s talking about.
The term chronotype refers to our circadian typology, which indicates individual differences in activity or level of activity during the day. Our chronotype depends on the internal clock, which determines a day’s sleep or wakefulness. Some are more productive in the morning and some in the afternoon.
What is a chronotype?
Circadial is a Latin word meaning “during the day.” Since our day lasts 24 hours, it is clear how our internal clock works. Scientists have discovered that there is a gene that encodes a protein that grows in cells at night and breaks down during the day. Every cell in our body follows our circadian rhythm, which is the inner clock. So we have a clock to sleep and wake up, to secrete hormones, digestion, organ functioning … And when we talk about chronotype, we are only talking about the time to wake up.
How to determine the chronotype?
There is evidence that it is a genetic or inherited trait. If there are more early adopters in the family, there are great opportunities for us to be ourselves. Our genes determine how the body reacts.
In most cases, when it gets dark, the body secretes the sleep hormone, melatonin, which causes us to fall asleep. However, if you are a “night bird,” it means that melatonin secretion has nothing to do with the time of day, that is, sunlight.
Also read … How to be happier in the morning?
Determining this type is essential not only for sleeping, but also for planning the whole day. Then we will know what is the best time of day to be active and when to sleep.
Chronotypes and classification
- Early– A person who usually gets up between 5 and 6 in the morning, often without alarm, but goes to bed between 21 and 22 hours.
- “Hummingbirds”– The majority of the population belongs to this group. They’re people who need a little more time to wake up, and they slow down at the end of the day to make it easier for them to fall asleep. There are many variations, but mostly people who get up from 7am to 9am and go to bed between 10pm and 11pm.
- “Night Birds”– The typical person who falls into this category is most active in the afternoon and has trouble getting up at 7 or 8 in the morning. Often, these people stay awake until 5 or 6 a.m. and sleep until 1 p.m.
Read also … How to get a healthy morning routine?
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